21 April 753 B.C.
And Rome was founded. But really was it?
During the reign of Augustus, the historian Marcus Terentius Varro (116 – 27 A.D.) established the date based on the studies of the astrologer Lucius Tarutius Firmanus.
The creation of Rome is widely associated with the myth of the twin brothers Romulus and Remus. According to the Latin epic poem "Aeneid" written by Virgil, the Roman people are descended from the Trojan hero Aeneas. His flight to the Italic Peninsula was due to the destruction of the city of Troy, invaded by the Greeks in 1400 BC. After his arrival, he created a new city called Lavinio. Later, his son Ascanio created the kingdom of Alba Longa.
In this kingdom occurred the bond between the god Mars and the princess Reia Sylvia, daughter of the king Numitor. The princess' involvement with the deity gave rise to the twins Romulus and Remus, who should have had the right to reign over Alba Longa. However, the ambitious Amulius devised a plan to take over the government and so he decided to throw the two children in the Tiber River. As if by a miracle, the basket where the children were was bogged down on one of the banks of the river at the foot of the Palatine Hill. Later they were found and suckled by a she-wolf. After some time in the care of this she-wolf, a shepherd named Faustulus found the boys near the Ficus Ruminalis, at the entrance of a cave called Lupercal. He then took them to his house where they were raised by his wife Acca Larentia.
When the brothers reached adulthood, they returned to Alba Longa and deposed Amulius. Soon after, they decided to create the city of Rome.
Romulus, who had the favor of the Gods, made the first draft of where the works of the city would be made. Disconcerted by his brother's decision, Remus fought Romulus. In response, Romulus ended up murdering Remus. Romulus then went on to found the city of Rome, its institutions, government, military and religious traditions, finding solutions to make Rome the Eternal City.
21 April 753 B.C.